Foot and ankle fusion is an important treatment for arthritis and deformities of the ankle and hindfoot. The literature has shown that there are improvements in fusion rates with the addition of bone graft and bone graft substitutes. Today autografts, specifically the iliac crest bone graft (ICBG), continue to be the gold standard despite significant donor site morbidity and nonunion rates, persisting around 10%.
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A Historical Review of Common Bone Graft Materials in Foot and Ankle Surgery