Foot and Ankle Clinics

Current Techniques and Future Direction

December 16, 2014

Arthroscopy of the foot and ankle has evolved from simply a diagnostic tool to a versatile treatment modality for a variety of pathologic abnormalities.

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Small Joint Arthroscopy in Foot and Ankle

December 15, 2014

The clinical application of small joint arthroscopies (metatarsophalangeal joint, Lisfranc joint, Chopart joint, and interphlangeal joint) in the foot has seen significant advancements in the past decades. This article reviews the clinical indications, technical details, outcomes, and potential complications of small joint arthroscopies of the foot.

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Endoscopic Coalition Resection

December 15, 2014

Excision of symptomatic tarsal coalitions, after failure of attempted conservative treatment, is a widely accepted surgical procedure, when the surrounding joints are not degenerated. Historically, the literature has supported open resection.

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Hindfoot Endoscopy for Posterior Ankle Impingement Syndrome and Flexor Hallucis Longus Tendon Disorders

December 15, 2014

Hindfoot endoscopic surgery is an alternative to conventional open surgery for treatment of posterior ankle pain. This procedure can be applied not only for accurate diagnosis under direct visualization but also for low-invasive therapy.

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Ankle Instability and Arthroscopic Lateral Ligament Repair

December 15, 2014

Over the last 50 years, the surgical management of chronic lateral ankle ligament insufficiency has focused on 2 main categories: local soft-tissue reconstruction and tendon grafts/transfer procedures.

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Anterior Ankle Arthroscopy

December 15, 2014

Anterior ankle arthroscopy is a useful, minimally invasive technique for diagnosing and treating ankle conditions. Arthroscopic treatment offers the benefit of decreased surgical morbidity, less postoperative pain, and earlier return to activities. Indications for anterior ankle arthroscopy continue to expand, including ankle instability, impingement, management of osteochondritis dissecans, synovectomy, and loose body removal

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Peroneal Tendoscopy

December 15, 2014

Peroneal tendoscopy is indicated for peroneal tenosynovitis, subluxation or dislocation, snapping, partial tears requiring debridement, and postoperative adhesions and scarring. Peroneal tendoscopy was also found to be valuable as a diagnostic tool in some instances. It is generally reported to have good to excellent outcomes in most patients with a relatively low occurrence of complications.

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Subtalar Arthroscopy

December 13, 2014

The emergence of subtalar arthroscopy has improved the understanding and accuracy of diagnosing several hindfoot pathologic conditions, in particular, sinus tarsi syndrome. Subtalar arthroscopy has evolved into a useful diagnostic and therapeutic tool

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Posterior Tibial Tendoscopy

December 13, 2014

The posterior tibial tendon (PTT) helps the triceps surae to work more efficiently during ambulation. Disorders of the PTT include tenosynovitis, acute rupture, degenerative tears, dislocation, instability, enthesopathies, and chronic tendinopathy with dysfunction and flat foot deformity. Open surgery of the PTT has been the conventional approach to deal with these disorders.

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In Memory of Pau Golanó 1964-2014

December 1, 2014

Pau Golanó was an anatomist by profession and a gifted artist in his chosen field. He was an amazing individual whose work will be a resource for surgeons for decades to come. His work was always done to perfection and is exemplified in this issue with his profound insight into the gastrocnemius complex

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