“Swan neck deformity” of the second toe is a rare deformity. It is a hyperextension of the proximal interphalangeal joint. The patient may complain of painful callosity underneath the proximal interphalangeal joint.
First metatarsophalangeal (MTP) arthrodesis is a well-accepted procedure for the treatment of end-stage hallux rigidus. Despite the excellent and predictable clinical results, the procedure does not address the metatarso-sesamoid joint complex. There has been one case report of arthritis of the metatarsal sesamoid joint as uncommon cause of post–arthrodesis hallux pain.
Wound complications after surgical treatment of insertional Achilles enthesopathy are well documented. Skin and tendon necroses pose a significant dilemma with the potential for catastrophic outcomes. Numerous treatment algorithms have been described to treat the resultant skin and tendon defects after catastrophic infection; however, to date, there is no consensus as to the optimal treatment modality.
Background. Isolated medial malleolus fractures are typically treated operatively to minimize the potential for articular incongruity, instability, nonunion, and posttraumatic arthritis. The literature, however, has not clearly demonstrated inferior outcomes with conservative treatment of these injuries
The case of a 76-year-old woman who developed blisters on both forefeet within 2 weeks of bilateral forefoot surgery is reported; the diagnosis of bullous pemphigoid was made by histological and immunofluorescence studies.
The use of arthroscopy in the management of acute traumatic conditions of the foot and ankle has increased in recent years, primarily because of an appreciation of fracture morphology and the utility of reducing the surgical footprint. This article presents an overview of the use of this modality in foot and ankle trauma and presents an anatomical survey of the various fractures where arthroscopic assistance can be of benefit
Osteochondral lesions of the talar dome are increasingly diagnosed and are a difficult pathology to treat. Conservative treatment yields best results in pediatric patients, often leaving surgical options for adult populations.
We describe a sonographically guided technique to perform therapeutic injections for anteromedial ankle impingement syndrome. Scans are carried out using a high-frequency small footprint linear array transducer, positioned along the anteromedial aspect of the tibiotalar joint. A 25 gauge needle is advanced under direct sonographic guidance into the “meniscoid lesion” (area of scarring), and a standardized therapeutic mixture is injected extra-articularly