calendar

Biomechanical stress, overuse raise young dancers’ injury risk

December 22, 2015

Prevention requires team approach By Hank Black The inclusion of physicians, including specialists in pediatric orthopedic surgery and sports or dance medicine, in a team with teachers, physical therapists, parents, and others could help identify and prevent injuries in growing young dancers, according to authors of an epidemiological study of pediatric dance injuries published August 28 in Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation .

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Shear-wave elastography could help optimize Achilles rehab

December 18, 2015

Karin Silbernagel, PT, PhD, ATC, and Daniel Cortes, PhD, use ultrasound to examine a patient’s Achilles tendon. (Photo courtesy of Karin Silbernagel, PT, PhD, ATC.) By Cary Groner Researchers at the University of Delaware in Newark are using a new ultrasound-based technique to better understand the effects of rehabilitation on the Achilles tendon, which could help optimize rehab protocols to improve long-term function. A variety of problems complicate recovery from Achilles tendon ruptures, and patients often retain deficits in the damaged limb long after initial healing has occurred

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Half shoe outperforms double rocker for offloading, but also impairs gait

December 18, 2015

By Jordana Bieze Foster A half shoe offloads the forefoot more effectively than a double-rocker full-outsole shoe with an offloading insole, but the half shoe also is more likely to alter gait, according to research from Bologna, Italy. Investigators from the Istituto Ortopedico Rizzoli assessed 10 healthy women as they walked wearing a control shoe on the left foot and one of three types of footwear on the right foot: a control shoe, a half shoe, and a double-rocker, full-outsole shoe with an insole designed to reduce forefoot loading. The anterior aspect of the insole was thicker than the posterior aspect, to maintain the foot in slight dorsiflexion.

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On the move: Gait training improves limited mobility

December 18, 2015

Participant-specific biofeedback during instrumented treadmill gait training. Examples of real-time biofeedback provided during gait training for correction of kinematic patterns. (Reprinted with permission from Segal NA, Glass NA, Teran-Yengle P, et al

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Cartilage thickness study suggests role of kinetics changes with OA severity

December 18, 2015

By Jordana Bieze Foster Although knee adduction moment (KAM) plays a significant role in patients with severe knee osteoarthritis (OA), knee flexion moment (KFM) may be more important early in the disease process, according to research from Stanford University in California. In 70 patients with medial compartment knee OA, investigators determined knee moments using gait analysis and knee cartilage thickness using magnetic resonance imaging

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Out on a limb: Hockey gets hip to FAI

December 18, 2015

Jordana Bieze Foster, Editor Despite evidence of significant lower extremity injury risks associated with ice hockey, even at youth levels, preventing those types of injuries has never been a priority in that sport. But that may be starting to change. According to a recent report from CBS Sports, five members of the Dallas Stars professional hockey team—including Jamie Benn, the league’s leading scorer last season—have undergone surgery for femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) in the last year.

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Ossur hosts Boston bombing survivors

December 18, 2015

Boston Marathon bombing survivors Patrick Downes and Jessica Kensky in September visited Össur’s global headquarters in Reykjavik, Iceland, to discuss their experiences as recent amputees and to learn about innovations in prosthetic limbs. In April 2013, then-newlyweds Downes and Kensky were spectators standing near the marathon’s finish line. Both lost lower limbs as a result of the explosion and wear Össur prostheses

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Root vs Tissue Stress vs MASS theories ‘live and in color’ at ACFAOM’s 2016 Annual Clinical Conference

November 10, 2015

If you have been following recent articles in Podiatry Today and PM News about the different approaches to prescribing custom foot orthoses, you may be confused and troubled. Was what you learned in your training still the best approach, or are there new theories that you are not completely familiar with? And how can you tell whether you can improve your success rate by changing approaches

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3D printing of orthotic devices: Evidence from the literature

November 2, 2015

By Shalmali Pal In the past two decades, additive manufacturing—commonly known as 3D printing—has evolved from a bleeding-edge, high-priced prototype with limited compositional materials to moderately priced systems with a wealth of manufacturing possibilities . Manufacturers of foot orthoses and ankle foot orthoses (AFOs) are taking advantage of this new technology, particularly as 3D printing’s price point of entry has decreased while its capabilities have increased.

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Profiling for ACL injury prevention: Biomechanics identify risk subtypes

October 27, 2015

Although existing anterior cruciate ligament injury prevention programs have been successful at reducing the incidence of ACL injury, a new study suggests that tailoring interventions based on four risk profile subtypes could be more effective. A team of researchers hailing from Australia, Greece and the U.S

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