footwear science

The influence of barefoot and shod running on Triceps surae muscle strain characteristics

March 1, 2016

by Sinclair J1*, Cole T2, Richards J2 The Foot and Ankle Online Journal 9 (1): 4 The aim of the current investigation was to determine the effects of barefoot and shod running on the kinematics of the Triceps-Surae muscle group. … Continue reading →

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The free moment in running and its relation to injury

January 18, 2016

The free moment in running and its relation to joint loading and injury risk Steffen Willwacher, Irena Goetze, Katina Mira Fischer & Gert-Peter Br?ggemann Footwear Science Quote: The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between free moment (FM) characteristics, joint mechanics and injury risk, in order to evaluate the potential of the FM as a variable for runner classification into functional groups with similar footwear demands. Lower extremity joint mechanics, ground reaction forces and the FM of 222 male and female injury free runners were analysed using an optoelectric motion capture system and a force plate while running at 3.5 m/s

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Addressing Heel Pain In Football Players

October 23, 2015

Issue Number:  Volume 28 – Issue 11 – November 2015 Author(s):  Nicholas Romansky, DPM, FACFAS Given the popularity of football at levels ranging from pee wee leagues to the NFL, many athletic patients will present to podiatry practices with heel pain.

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Effect of running shoe temperature on kinematics

October 22, 2015

The effects of shoe temperature on the kinetics and kinematics of running Jonathan Sinclair, Roozbeh Naemi, Nachiappan Chockalingam, Paul John Taylor & Hannah Shore Footwear Science; in press Quote: The aim of the current investigation was to examine the effects of cooled footwear on the kinetics and kinematics of running in comparison to footwear at normal temperature. Twelve participants ran at 4.0 m/s ? 5% in both cooled and normal temperature footwear conditions over a force platform.

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Toe allowance of children’s footwear

June 11, 2015

Verification of toe allowance of children’s footwear and its categorisation Jana Pavlackova, Pavlina Egner, Pavel Mokrejs & Martina Cernekova Footwear Science : 10 Jun 2015 Quote: This study verifies the declared sizes of children’s footwear, categorising it according to gender and age, the cut of the upper, the assembling method, the material of the upper, the lining material, the fastening, the heights of the upper and the heights of the heel. The study looked into the allocation given to toe allowance, which represents growing room for a child’s foot, while ensuring the shoes remain comfortable. Research was conducted on 115 pairs of children’s footwear, at the French sizes of 22, 25 and 30.

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Effects of minimalist and traditional running shoes on injury rates

June 11, 2015

Effects of minimalist and traditional running shoes on injury rates: a pilot randomised controlled trial Blaise Dubois, Jean-Franc Esculier, Pierre Frémont, Lynne Moore & Craig Richards Footwear Science 10 Jun 2015 Quote: Despite recent advances in running shoe conception, injuries represent a major concern in the running community. The objective of this study was to gather the pilot data for a larger randomised controlled trial regarding the effects of traditional and minimalist shoes on the incidence of running-related injuries (RRI), as well as the rate of adherence to a running programme. Twenty-six recreational runners were recruited.

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Effects of running shoe ‘crash-pads’

April 10, 2015

Running shoe crash-pad design alters shoe touchdown angles and ankle stability parameters during heel–toe running Thorsten Sterzinga, Karina Thomsenab, Rui Dinga & Jason Tak-Man Cheunga Footwear Science; in press Quote: Purpose: Running shoe crash-pads are commonly used to improve cushioning during heel–toe running. However, guidelines regarding shape and positioning of crash-pads are rare

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Effects of different midsole densities under the forefoot

March 5, 2015

Segmented midsole hardness in the midfoot to forefoot region of running shoes alters subjective perception and biomechanics during heel-toe running revealing potential to enhance footwear Thorsten Sterzing, Giuliano Custoza, Rui Ding & Jason Tak-Man Cheung Footwear Science; in press Quote: Purpose: Dual density midsole constructions at the lateral rearfoot and medial midfoot provide opportunities to improve cushioning and stability of running shoes. By similar mechanisms, non-uniform midsole density across the medio-lateral direction at the midfoot to forefoot may allow better negotiation of different loading magnitudes of the medial and lateral midfoot to forefoot during running.

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Minimalist footwear may put netball players at increased risk for injury

December 12, 2014

The effects of sport-specific and minimalist footwear on the kinetics and kinematics of three netball-specific movements J. Sinclair, N. Chockalingam, R.

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Effects of a seven week transition to minimalist footwear

December 11, 2014

One of the criticisms of some studies comparing the mechanics of minimalist vs traditionally shod footwear is that the intervention is acute and the effects were not measured after a period of appropriate acclimation to the different conditions. The results may or may not be the same after that acclimation or transition – we simply do not know if they would have been the same or not. Of course, those who don’t like the results of the study will point that out, but will ignore it if they like the results of the study.

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