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Recurrence of Hypertrophic Abductor Digiti Minimi Muscle of the Foot After Subtotal Resection

February 25, 2015

Soft tissue tumors of the foot are rare, and the diagnosis is often difficult. Surgery is indicated if pain, discomfort, or functional impairment is present or to rule out malignancy.

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Subtalar Joint Distraction Arthrodesis to Correct Calcaneal Valgus in Pediatric Patients with Tarsal Coalition: A Case Series

February 20, 2015

Subtalar joint middle facet coalitions commonly present in children who have a painful, rigid, pes planovalgus foot type. The middle facet coalition allows rearfoot forces to be distributed medially through the coalition, and this can result in arthritis or lateral tarsal wedging. The senior author has used a wedged bone graft distraction subtalar joint arthrodesis to correct calcaneal valgus and restore the talar height in these patients

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Acute Forefoot and Midfoot Injuries

February 10, 2015

Forefoot and midfoot injuries in the athlete are common. Injuries of the digits include subungual hematomas and fractures. Metatarsal fractures occur frequently in sports, and their treatments range greatly.

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Lower Extremity Amputation Risk Factors Associated with Elevated Ankle Brachial Indices and Radiographic Arterial Calcification

February 4, 2015

An elevated ankle brachial index (ABI) resulting from medial artery calcification, or Mönckeberg’s arteriosclerosis, is commonly seen in patients with diabetes mellitus or end-stage renal disease. Recent data have found an association between elevated ABIs and cardiovascular morbidity and mortality

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Versatility of the Perforator-Based Adipose, Adipofascial, and Fasciocutaneous Flaps in Reconstruction of Distal Leg and Foot Defects

February 4, 2015

Reconstruction of the distal leg, ankle, and foot is challenging, and local perforator flaps have emerged as valuable options. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the outcomes of local perforator flaps in the distal lower extremity. A total of 14 local perforator flaps were used in 12 patients (9 males [75%] and 3 females [25%], aged 19 to 83 years)

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A Missing Flexor Hallucis Longus Muscle and Tendon in a Young Female Patient: A Case Report of a Rare Anomaly

February 3, 2015

Anatomic variations of the long flexor tendons of the foot are not common.

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Dynamic Techniques for Clinical Assessment of the Athlete

February 3, 2015

Clinical diagnostic tests objectively evaluate lower extremity ailments of the athlete.

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Two Emerging Technologies for Achilles Tendinopathy and Plantar Fasciopathy

February 3, 2015

Some common overuse injuries, such as Achilles tendinopathy and plantar fasciitis (or fasciopathy), can be refractory to treatment. When standard treatment options fail, operative intervention often becomes the treatment of last resort. Recently, newer technologies have been developed and refined, and can provide potential benefits for these conditions using noninvasive and minimally invasive approaches.

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Unilateral Adolescent Pes Planus After a Bimalleolar Ankle Fracture: A Case Report

January 30, 2015

We present the case of a 14-year-old female who presented with unilateral pes planus 30 months after a bimalleolar ankle fracture dislocation. At surgery, the tibialis posterior tendon was encased in fracture callus within the syndesmosis and required reconstruction using flexor digitorum longus transfer

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Treatment of Unicameral Bone Cysts of the Calcaneus: A Systematic Review

January 28, 2015

The calcaneus is the most common tarsal affected by unicameral bone cysts (UBCs); however, the treatment of calcaneal UBCs remains controversial. The purpose of the present systematic review was to evaluate the treatment modalities for calcaneal UBCs. A systematic review was performed using clinical studies of calcaneal UBCs with a minimum of 1 year of follow-up and level I to IV evidence.

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