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Preoperative and Postoperative Range of Motion: A Retrospective Comparison of Two Total Ankle Replacement Systems

May 23, 2015

The purpose of the present report was to compare the range of motion between a total ankle replacement requiring arched bony resection and a total ankle replacement requiring a flat cut for implantation. We hypothesized that the arched contour would more closely mimic the patient’s pre-existing anatomy and increase the range of motion. Pain was evaluated as a secondary outcome.

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Quantification of Subtalar Posterior Facet Involvement During Intramedullary Guidance of Total Ankle Arthroplasty:A Cadaveric Study

May 23, 2015

Total ankle arthroplasty is an evolving treatment of ankle arthritis. One implant uses intramedullary guidance to enhance accuracy by accessing the tibial canal through the inferior aspect of the foot, potentially placing the subtalar joint articulation at risk

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Development of a Radiographic Union Score for Determining Osteotomy Union Rates in Long Bones of the Foot

May 23, 2015

Determining the status of bone healing after osteotomy can be challenging and has implications ranging from clinical decision-making to standardization of research outcomes without the use of computed tomography. To date, no method has been validated for determining osseous healing of an osteotomy site of the long bones of the foot

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Endoscopic Plantar Fasciotomy Improves Early Postoperative Results: A Retrospective Comparison of Outcomes After Endoscopic Versus Open Plantar…

May 22, 2015

Plantar fasciotomy is offered to patients with recalcitrant plantar fasciitis. Few studies have characterized the functional outcomes over time for the endoscopic approach compared with the open approach. We hypothesized that patients undergoing endoscopic surgery will have better postoperative functional outcomes early in the postoperative period but equivalent long-term outcomes compared with patients undergoing open surgery

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Effects on Subtalar Joint Stress Distribution After Cannulated Screw Insertion at Different Positions and Directions

May 20, 2015

We investigated the effects on subtalar joint stress distribution after cannulated screw insertion at different positions and directions.

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Descriptive Quantitative Analysis of Rearfoot Alignment Radiographic Parameters

May 20, 2015

Although the radiographic parameters of the transverse talocalcaneal angle (tTCA), calcaneocuboid angle (CCA), talar head uncovering (THU), calcaneal inclination angle (CIA), talar declination angle (TDA), lateral talar–first metatarsal angle (lTFA), and lateral talocalcaneal angle (lTCA) form the basis of the preoperative evaluation and procedure selection for pes planovalgus deformity, the so-called normal values of these measurements are not well-established. The objectives of the present study were to retrospectively evaluate the descriptive statistics of these radiographic parameters (tTCA, CCA, THU, CIA, TDA, lTFA, and lTCA) in a large population, and, second, to determine an objective basis for defining “normal” versus “abnormal” measurements.

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Peroneal Tendon Reconstruction and Coverage for Treatment of Septic Peroneal Tenosynovitis: A Devastating Complication of Lateral Ankle Ligament…

May 20, 2015

Septic peroneal tenosynovitis is a rare and significant challenge. A search of peer-reviewed published studies revealed only 5 case reports to guide treatment, none of which resulted in significant loss of both peroneal tendons necessitating reconstruction. No clear guidance is available regarding how to provide reliable reconstruction of both peroneal tendons after a significant loss secondary to septic tenosynovitis.

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Mechanical Comparison of Headless Screw Fixation and Locking Plate Fixation for Talar Neck Fractures

May 19, 2015

For talar neck fractures, open reduction and internal fixation have been thought to facilitate revascularization and prevent osteonecrosis. Newer screw systems allow for placement of cannulated headless screws, which provide compression by virtue of a variable pitch thread. The present study compared the biomechanical fixation strength of cannulated headless variable-pitch screw fixation and locking plate fixation

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Technique of Dorsal Transversely Oriented Transposition Flap for Web Reconstruction in Toe Syndactyly Surgery

May 19, 2015

In toe desyndactyly, a dorsal or plantar commissural flap, combined with skin grafts, will ensure an acceptable result. However, the parallel unsightly scars in the longitudinal direction on the dorsum of the toes will sometimes fail to satisfy the patient’s and/or the parents’ aesthetic expectations.

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Callus Distraction Versus Single-Stage Lengthening With Bone Graft for Treatment of Brachymetatarsia: A Systematic Review

May 19, 2015

Brachymetatarsia deformity is a cosmetically displeasing anomaly that can become physically symptomatic. The surgical techniques most commonly used to repair the anomaly include single-stage lengthening with a bone graft, callus distraction, or a combination of bone grafting and callus distraction.

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