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Treatment of Unicameral Bone Cysts of the Calcaneus: A Systematic Review

January 28, 2015

The calcaneus is the most common tarsal affected by unicameral bone cysts (UBCs); however, the treatment of calcaneal UBCs remains controversial. The purpose of the present systematic review was to evaluate the treatment modalities for calcaneal UBCs. A systematic review was performed using clinical studies of calcaneal UBCs with a minimum of 1 year of follow-up and level I to IV evidence.

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Gender differences in gait kinematics in runners with iliotibial band syndrome

January 26, 2015

Atypical running gait biomechanics are considered a primary factor in the etiology of iliotibial band syndrome (ITBS). However, a general consensus on the underpinning kinematic differences between runners with and without ITBS is yet to be reached. This lack of consensus may be due in part to three issues: gender differences in gait mechanics, the preselection of discrete biomechanical variables, and/or relatively small sample sizes.

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Repair of the Acute Deltoid Ligament Complex Rupture Associated with Ankle Fractures: A Multicenter Clinical Study

January 21, 2015

Controversy exists concerning the need for operative repair of the deltoid ligament during management of acute ankle fractures.

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Foot pain worsens effects of knee OA

January 20, 2015

Foot pain was common among patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA) and affected both general measures of health and knee-specific symptoms, Australian researchers found. One in four (25.3 percent) patients with symptomatic knee OA reported pain in one or both feet/ankles on at least half of the days during the previous month, according to Rana S. Hinman, Ph.D., of the University of Melbourne, and colleagues.

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How a culture of forgiveness promotes staff retention

January 13, 2015

When it comes to employee retention, one concept that is frequently left out of the conversation is the idea of forgiveness.

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Epidemiology of Type 2 Diabetic Foot Problems and Predictive Factors for Amputation in China

January 8, 2015

To determine incidence and clinically relevant risk factors for diabetic amputation in a large cohort study of diabetic foot ulceration patients in China, we investigated a total of 669 diabetic foot ulceration patients, who were assessed at baseline for demographic information, medical and social history, peripheral neuropathy screening, periphery artery disease screening, assessment of nutritional status and diabetic control, physical examination including foot deformity in 15 Grade III-A hospitals. Of the 669 patients, 435 were male and 201 were female, with the mean age being 64.0 years. Of all patients, 110 had neuropathic ulcers, 122 had ischemic ulcers, 276 had neuroischemic ulcers, and 12 cases were unclassified

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Rare Complication of Silicone Fluid Injection Presenting as Multiple Calcification and Skin Defect in Both Legs: A Case Report

January 6, 2015

In the past, many materials have been injected for soft tissue augmentation including paraffin (mineral oil) and other non–biocompatible products. Liquid silicone as one of these materials has a long and notorious history as an injectable material for soft tissue augmentation

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Walking dynamics in preadolescents with and without Down syndrome

January 6, 2015

A force-driven harmonic oscillator (FDHO) model reveals elastic property of general muscular activity during walking. This study aimed to investigate whether children with Down syndrome (DS) have a lower K/G ratio, a primary variable derived from the FDHO model, than typically developing children during overground and treadmill walking, and whether children with DS can adapt the K/G ratio to walking speeds, external ankle load and a treadmill setting.

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Ankle Arthrodesis After Failed Total Ankle Replacement: A Systematic Review of the Literature

January 5, 2015

Purpose: As the number of total ankle replacements (TARs) performed has risen, so has the need for revision. The purpose of this investigation was to perform a systematic review of clinical outcomes following a salvage ankle arthrodesis from a failed TAR to identify patient- and technique-specific prognostic factors and to determine the clinical outcomes and complications following an ankle arthrodesis for a failed TAR

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The Future of Carbon-Based Scaffolds in Foot and Ankle Surgery

January 1, 2015

This article explores the use of carbon materials for orthobiological applications, investigates the feasibility of fabricating hybrid fibrous carbon scaffolds modified with polycaprolactone, and analyzes their mechanical properties and ability to support cell growth and proliferation. Environmental scanning electron microscopy, micro–computed tomography, and cell adhesion and cell proliferation studies were used to test scaffold suitability as a cell-delivery vehicle. Mechanical properties were tested to examine load failure and elastic modulus.

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